RICE (Oryza Sativa)
The extremely popular rice grain supplies around half of the calories for approximately half of the world’s population. Originating in Africa and South Asia, it is now cultivated on every continent except Antarctica. It is an extremely hardy crop that can grow in a variety of conditions and only requires plenty of water. Once rice is harvested, the hull must be removed to make it edible. The resulting kernel after the first milling becomes the nutrient rich “brown rice.” When it is milled a second time, the bran and germ are removed leaving only the white endosperm, which is the common, but less nutritious “white rice.”
Brown rice contains the highest levels of nutrients. It is an excellent source of manganese, which helps the body digest fats and allows you to get the greatest benefit out of the carbohydrates and protein you intake. Rice has been shown to reduce the risk of diabetes, help maintain a healthy weight and lower cholesterol.
Rice is a popular addition to many meals because it is so quickly prepared. Steamed or boiled, most varieties can be ready in under 20 minutes. Once cooked, rice is a delicious side dish by itself, or a filler for casserole, soup or stew. The flavor and texture of rice depends on the variety, which include: Basmati, Texmati, Ambemohar and Jasmine.
Learn more about other Whole Grains: [button color=”red” size=”small” link=”http://www.boschkitchencenters.com/discover/grain-education” target=””]Grain Education[/button]